Updated: Aug 16
FIP (feline infectious peritonitis) and FPV (feline panleukopenia virus) are not the same diseases, although they can both affect cats and are caused by viruses.
FIP and FPV are both viral diseases that can affect cats, but they are caused by different viruses and have different clinical presentations.
FIP, or Feline Infectious Peritonitis, is a viral disease caused by a coronavirus called feline coronavirus (FCoV). FIP is a serious and often fatal disease that can affect multiple organ systems in cats, including the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, and central nervous system. FIP is characterized by a wide range of clinical signs, including fever, lethargy, weight loss, abdominal distention, and neurological signs. There is currently a cure for FIP, in addition to general supportive treatment. Find the treatment here.
FPV, or Feline Panleukopenia Virus, is a viral disease caused by the feline parvovirus. FPV is highly contagious and can be spread through contact with infected cats or contaminated environments. FPV primarily affects the gastrointestinal tract and bone marrow and can cause fever, lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, and a decrease in white blood cells (panleukopenia). While FPV can be a serious disease, many cats can recover with supportive care, such as fluid therapy and management of secondary bacterial infections.
It is important to note that FIP and FPV are caused by different viruses and have different clinical presentations, and require different diagnostic and treatment approaches. If you suspect that your cat may have FIP or FPV, it is important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. Your veterinarian can help diagnose the disease and provide appropriate treatment and supportive care.